Flax seed is a great source of fibre (while I live in the States, I’m still Canadian!) and has been shown to lower cholesterol and inflammation, regulate hormones, decrease constipation, and have a beneficial effect on overall gut health.
(Thanks to Drs. Irving and Marz for providing this information from their lectures.)
Flaxseed supplementation in hyperlipidemic patients.
Mandaşescu S, Mocanu V, Dăscaliţa AM, Haliga R, Nestian I, Stitt PA, Luca V. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2005 Jul-Sep;109(3):502-6.
Position of the American Dietetic Association: health implications of dietary fiber.
Marlett JA, McBurney MI, Slavin JL; American Dietetic Association.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2002 Jul;102(7):993-1000.
Flaxseed consumption influences endogenous hormone concentrations in postmenopausal women.
Hutchins AM, Martini MC, Olson BA, Thomas W, Slavin JL.
Nutr Cancer. 2001;39(1):58-65.
Health benefits of dietary fiber.
Anderson JW, Baird P, Davis RH Jr, Ferreri S, Knudtson M, Koraym A, Waters V, Williams CL. Nutr Rev. 2009 Apr;67(4):188-205.